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                               THREATS IN LEBANON
Surveys of the Lebanese coast carried out in 2001 and 2004 showed only sparse turtle nesting on developed beaches on the north coast, with more significant sites in the south, notably on a 20 km stretch of coast near Tyre, which are important for both Mediterranean nesting species. Mansouri and Kolaila beach is among these. Uncontrolled exploitation of much of Lebanonís coast for beach resorts, industry, residences and roads has largely confined turtle nesting to a few beaches in the south which are relatively undeveloped because of the 22-year Israeli occupation, which all but ended in 2000, and the war of 2006.
Other threats to turtles include the use of close-meshed fishing nets and illegal dynamite fishing, often the work of impoverished southerners in search of a livelihood who need to be offered an alternative, sustainable way of fishing. Pollution from rubbish, plastic bags and industrial waste is a danger to marine life along Lebanonís 150 km coastline. Some municipal dumps are located on the coast, notably a giant one in the southern city of Sidon which has partially collapsed into the sea several times.
The 2006 war brought more marine pollution when Israel bombed a power plant south of Beirut, spilling 15,000 tonnes of heavy fuel oil into the sea. Despite an international clean-up effort, teams are still working to clear oil waste from the coast.

Natural predators include crabs, dogs and seagulls.

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